Add charm to your backyard or garden with a DIY butterfly house! It’s easy to make with a few pieces of wood and these free step-by-step plans.
DIY Butterfly House
Add charm to your backyard or a touch of whimsy to your flower garden with a butterfly house.
Sure, you could buy a store-bought version, but it’s easy to build your own. All you need is a few pieces of wood, a few common tools, and these free plans.
This is an easy project to make and fun to do with kids or grandkids.
Download the step-by-step plans and make one for yourself or give one as a gift to a fellow gardener.
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Table of Contents
Do Butterflies Really Use Butterfly Houses?
Before I started building my DIY butterfly house, I researched to see if butterflies really use them. I was disappointed to learn that butterflies usually don’t use butterfly houses.
According to Rick Mikula in this article on The Butterfly Website, butterfly houses usually do not work.
He said, “They may not help, but they sure do not hurt.” And even though they may not work, he added “they look great and add to the charm of any garden.”Back to Table of Contents
How Do You Build a Butterfly House?
A butterfly house is basically a simple box. It’s just four sides, a bottom, and a roof. One side needs to be hinged to maintain the interior of the house. One side needs slots for the butterflies to enter and exit the house.
The box should be made with untreated, rot-resistant wood. Cedarwood is a good choice. The box should be assembled with exterior glue and exterior nails.
That said, I didn’t follow all of these rules for my butterfly box.
I built the sides and bottom of the box with scrap pieces of pine, but I did use a piece of cedar for the roof. The pine was untreated, but it’s not rot-resistant.
I used pine for a few reasons. I had lots of scrap pine wood in my shop, so this project was completely free to make. I always have a steady supply of scrap wood, so I can build another house if this one rots.
Related: How to Decide What Scrap Wood to Keep
There’s one more reason I used pine for my project. I’m allergic to cedar sawdust, so I don’t use cedar very often to build my projects.Back to Table of Contents
Where is the Best Place to Put a Butterfly House?
It’s recommended to position the butterfly house in a sunny spot in your backyard or garden close to flowering plants. The entry/exit slots should be positioned away from prevailing winds.
The house should be mounted on something sturdy like a pole, fence, or tree about 2-4 feet off the ground.
The butterflies will need a place to rest inside the house. Some pieces of tree bark or small branches are a great choice for this. I used a few pieces of birch branches for my butterfly house.
Despite these recommendations, Rick Mikula says his butterfly house “is at the wrong height and probably facing the wrong direction, and probably a lot of other wrong things involved. But who cares. It makes for great conversation!”Back to Table of Contents
Should You Paint a Butterfly House?
Butterflies are attracted to bright colors, so we can improve our chances of attracting butterflies if we paint our house.
What color should you paint your butterfly house? Use colors of native flowers for your inspiration. Some good choices are:
I painted my butterfly box with the same color that I used for this outdoor DIY plant stand.
Be sure to only paint the exterior. We want to keep the interior of the house as natural as possible for the butterflies.Back to Table of Contents
Tips for Attracting Butterflies
To attract butterflies, The National Wildlife Federation recommends:
- Plant native flowering plants
- Choose plants with red, yellow, orange, pink and purple blossoms
- Avoid insecticides
Learn more of The National Wildlife Federation’s tips for attracting butterflies here.Back to Table of Contents
DIY Butterfly House
- Click here to download the FREE plan (includes detailed instructions, measurements, and bonus tips)
- Wood (per printed plan)
- 1-¼” Exterior Nails
- Exterior Wood Glue
- Magnetic Catch
Step 1. Make the Sides
Cut 2 pieces of wood to length for the sides.
Step 2. Attach the Back
Cut 1 piece of wood to length for the back.
Apply glue to the edges of the back, clamp to the sides, and attach using nails.
Step 3. Attach the Bottom
Cut 1 piece of wood to length for the bottom. Apply glue to the edges of the bottom, position ¾” from the bottom of the sides, and clamp. Attach using nails.
Step 4. Attach the Front
Cut 1 piece of wood to length for the front. Use the diagram in the printed plan to mark the location to drill holes. Next, use a Forstner bit to drill a hole at each mark. Use a straightedge and a pencil to connect the sides of each hole. Then use a jig saw to remove the area between each hole. Use sandpaper to smooth each opening.
Position the front in between the sides. Drive a nail through the side into the front. The nails will act as a hinge for the front.
Step 5. Attach the Roof
Cut 1 piece of wood to length for the the roof. Apply glue to the sides and back, center the top, and attach using nails.
Step 6. Attach the Magnetic Catch
I attached a magnetic catch on the bottom of the house to keep the front panel closed.
Step 7. Finish the DIY Butterfly House
Butterflies are attracted to bright colors, so we can improve our chances of attracting butterflies if we paint our house. Use colors of native flowers for your inspiration. Some good choices are red, yellow, orange, pink, and purple.
Be sure to only paint the exterior. We want to keep the interior of the house as natural as possible.
Add charm to your backyard or a touch of whimsy to your flower garden with a DIY butterfly house. It’s easy to make with a few pieces of wood, a few common tools, and a little paint.
Click here to download the free plan (including the detailed instructions and measurements) now!
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